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BAE plans ?1bn share buyback as profit stalls

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CATHY ADAMS

DEFENCE and aerospace firm BAE Systems yesterday launched an ambitious ?1bn share buyback programme, as evidence of the “robust performance” of the FTSE firm.

Chief executive Ian King said he could see “green shoots” in the company, which gave it the confidence to unveil the buyback, although full implementation still hinges on discussions with Saudi Arabia over pricing of a key contract.

Despite its optimism, BAE yesterday posted a six per cent fall in profit,, and sales over the year fell seven per cent.

Full-year underlying earnings before interest, tax and amortisation fell to ?1.9bn, hurt by unresolved discussions over pricing of the Saudi Arabian contract to supply the Gulf state with Typhoon aircraft.

BAE warned that its key UK and US markets would be “constrained” this year.

It has come under pressure from shrinking military budgets in the US and the UK, as governments try to reel in large budget deficits.

The UK government pledged in 2010 to slash its defence spending by eight per cent by 2014 while the US – from which BAE derives around 40 per cent of its income – already has plans in place to cut $487bn (?320bn) from its defence budget for the next decade.

BAE – whose proposed merger with European peer EADS collapsed in October as Germany refused to give it the green light – is “absolutely not” in discussions to revive the tie-up, King said yesterday.

Meanwhile, BAE yesterday inked a longevity swap with L&G to safeguard it against the risk that its 31,000 pensioners live longer than current estimates.

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Britain: a case study in low-growth economic mediocrity

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ALLISTER HEATH

BRITAIN is stuck in a rut. No wonder that investors and credit rating agencies are losing patience: the coalition doesn’t have the guts or decisiveness needed to jolt the UK out of its present mediocrity, while the opposition is busy dreaming up new taxes, thinks that a slightly looser fiscal policy would transform our prospects and has no real understanding of the extent of our fiscal crisis.

Britain’s tax receipts confirm that the economy continues to do poorly, albeit not disastrously. So far this fiscal year, receipts from Vat are up 2.2 per cent, less than the rate of inflation. Income and capital gains tax receipts are down 0.2 per cent and corporation taxes are down 8.4 per cent: while in both cases there have been tax cuts (a higher personal allowance and lower corporation tax rates) these don’t explain such shockingly bad numbers. Very limited pay rises, a drop in reported income from the highest earners and weak profits are among the answers. National insurance contributions are up a healthier 3.4 per cent, though this not anything worth shouting about.

What all of this suggests is an economy that is either stagnating or growing a little, but by no more than a few tenths of a per cent. At best, the situation looks only marginally rosier than the official GDP figures; at worst, there is no difference. Mediocrity undoubtedly rules OK.

While revenues are poor, any progress the government is making in trimming overall expenditure on wages, benefits and other current spending is being more than cancelled out by increased interest on the growing national debt. During April 2012-January 2013, central government current expenditure hit ?525.7bn, 2.7 per cent higher than in the same period of 2011-12.

Depending on which measure of inflation one uses, real current spending was therefore either up or down slightly. The real cuts are happening in capex, the one area where state spending can be useful for long-term growth (though the private sector, if it were allowed to, could take over many projects). So far this year, central government net investment was minus ?6.4bn – with depreciation overwhelming gross investment – a massive ?27.7bn lower than in the same period of the previous year. So we are still seeing the wrong kinds of cuts, stagnant growth and weak tax receipts. Unless something drastic changes soon, it is not just credit rating agencies that will be running out of patience with the government.

LOW RETURNS
One of this column’s themes is that we are now facing a world of low real returns across financial assets, with high inflation gobbling up nominal gains, and that the bond markets, after years of astonishing returns, are set for a crash. There is lots of evidence to back up this thesis in Barclays’ latest annual equity-gilt study. The conclusions are stark. Over the next five years, Barclays expects cash to provide negative inflation-adjusted returns of about -1.5 per cent per year (with compounding effects, that means a very sharp drop in value), “safe haven” government bonds -2 per cent – in other words, even worse than cash – and equities annual growth of 3-4 per cent. The authors believe that the bull market in government bonds – which peaked last year – will end in a whimper, rather than in a 1994-style crash. I suspect the authors may be too optimistic, but their case is that a shortage of “safe” assets, combined with a decision by the authorities to keep the monetary floodgates open, will do the trick. One thing is clear: savers are going to suffer.


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  Brynmar Ltd.  
 

ADDRESS: 163 Forest Road

CITY: London

COUNTY: London

POST CODE: E17 6HE

TELEPHONE NUMBER: 020-8503-3375

CATEGORY: Builders

 

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Miles: Print ?175bn more

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TIM WALLACE

BANK?of?England policymaker David?Miles yesterday called for at least an additional ?175bn of quantitative easing (QE), arguing it is the best way to help boost the economy.

Miles believes there is a large output gap in the UK currently which could be reduced by printing more money, boosting demand and encouraging firms to invest more, increasing output capacity in the longer term.

Sir Mervyn King and Paul Fisher joined Miles in voting for another ?25bn QE this month, a change from his recent lone call for more easing.

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